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The role of informal farmer-to-farmer seed distribution in diffusion of new barley varieties in Syria

This study examines the role, structure and effectiveness of informal seed systems in the diffusion of new barley varieties. Data collection featured farmers who received new barley varieties and other farmers who purchased seed through farmer-to-farmer seed trade over a period of five years. Informal farmer-to-farmer seed dissemination was an important vehicle for the diffusion of new barley varieties, which were grow on 27% of the barley area of monitored farmers, despite a complete lack of extension support. . Almost all seed exchanges were undertaken through purchases at market prices, highlighting the importance of markets in informal seed systems.

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